They are a big problem in most major cities around the world and the problem is growing because people are embarrassed to talk about it. It is true that some people are dirty and don’t care about having them, most bed bug infestations come from getting them by accident. Bed bugs are very good hitchhikers. They get into the things of people who have them (for example, clothes, bags, or shoes), travel to other places where they drop in and just go home with someone else. The way to reduce this problem is to talk about it, so that something can be done.

Between 2003 and 2018 the number of bed bug reports has increased by 5000% in Toronto, but many people still don’t report it.

What do they look like

Bed bugs vary in shape, color and size. When they first emerge, they are somewhat yellow and, as they grow, they become darker. Females have a round lower body and males have an elongated lower body.


Bedbugs are not very large, but an adult insect is fairly easy to see with the naked eye. In the picture there are bedbugs on a penny.

Life cycle of bed bugs

The life cycle of bed bugs depends on temperature and food availability. If the weather is good and there is enough human blood, they can take as little as 6 weeks to go from egg to adult. They need to molt 5 times during that time and require a blood meal to move to the next stage.

There is no one specific aspect of bed bug bites. it all depends on the person and how they react to the bite. some people have no reaction or very mild spots, while others have huge welts.

Signs of bed bugs

Signs of bed bugs are found in the seams of the mattress and box spring. The small black spots are their feces. The yellow bits are the skin they shed. A low level of bed bug infestation is difficult to detect because bed bugs can flatten their bodies and hide in very tight places.

What can you do?

  • Vacuum regularly.
  • Clean floors and baseboards.
  • Don’t store clothes in closets for long periods of time without, at least, running them through the dryer.
  • Declutter.
  • Change bed linens weekly and inspect them.
  • Vacuum under sofa cushions.
  • Contact Pest B Gone.